Thailand states that it has never produced or exported antipersonnel mines. The country formerly imported antipersonnel mines from China, Italy, the United States, and the former Yugoslavia. It completed destruction of 337,725 stockpiled antipersonnel mines on 24 April 2003.
But the insurgency in southern Thailand (also known as the “Deep South”) has seen extensive use of command-detonated improvised explosive devices (IEDs). There are also reports of increased use of homemade, or “craft mines” that function as victim-activated IEDs. Insurgents use these devices as “area-denial” weapons against Buddhist Thais who own rubber and fruit plantations, and also against the Malay Muslims working in those places.
Yingluck Shinawatra, the Thai Prime Minister, offers thanks to the brave anti-landmine personnel who helped keep the country safe from harm.
The Thai Government recognizes that landmines and UXO are a major obstacle to development and economic growth in rural border communities. The Royal Thai Army and Navy have been conducting demining operations in areas along the borders since 1987.